Quoting

Please note that "long" quotations are generally not acceptable even if they are treated as "quotations" and should be avoided. If you are uncertain, please contact your teacher/supervisor to receive instructions as to how to use quotations. Read more in Umeå University's brochure on cheating and plagiarism

If you want to include text from a published work in your essay/paper, the sentence(s) must be included within quotation marks (""). When you quote from a source always state the page number of the original document from which you quote. This also applies to electronic documents in PDF-format.

Examples (Harvard system)

The author writes "…plants and localities are also often inter-related with non-local actors" (Eriksson 2009, 29).

"Place specific phenomena can always be seen in relation to other places and geographical levels" (Helgesson 2006, 13).

or directly

Helgesson (2006, 13) states : "Place specific phenomena can always be seen in relation to other places and geographical levels."

It is good practice to indent the quotation using quotation marks if it is more extensive (i.e. several sentences). This clearly identifies the quotation as the work of someone else.

Example (Harvard)

Lundmark (2006, 26) states:

The difficulty in delimiting the tourism sector is one of the more complicated methodological problems. This has to do with several issues, but primarily difficulties arise from the fact that the traditional sector classification does not distinguish between other service-oriented industries and workplaces exclusively catering to tourists.