Plagiarism at university level means using another person´s text/material and making them appear as one´s own. For more information about the university´s rules, see Cheating and plagiarism. Cheating and plagiarism
How do you avoid plagiarism?
The basic principle is that it must be clear what are your own words and thoughts and what you have taken from other sources. When you use other people´s material you must always state the source. If you are unsure check with your teacher or supervisor.
Two ways of using other people's texts are either to paraphrase or to summarize, i.e. to express with your own words and sentence structure what someone else has written and stating the source in the running text (in-text reference). At the end of the paper more information should be given about the source in the reference list. For more information about how to write in-text references and reference lists, see Writing references.
Sometimes a quotation from a source is justified. When you quote a source it must be worded exactly as the original text. If there are spelling mistakes in the original source you must keep those in your quotation. See guidelines for quoting. Quoting
Tips for avoiding plagiarism
- Keep track of the sources you are using. Have all information about the sources available so that you can write a correct reference list.
- Use a referencing tool.
- Mark up the text carefully while you are writing. This is to make sure you know where to insert in-text references.
How is plagiarism detected?
- Teachers/tutors recognize a text when reading. Teachers' (or colleagues') words are used. The plagiarized text is well known.
- A check is made for plagiarism by using plagiarism prevention software such as Urkund. Search engines such as Google can also be used for detecting plagiarism. On suspicion a specific text might be examined against the thesis/report.
Language/ level of writing varies within student´s own text.